本期要闻 Highlights of the Month
Ministry of Ecology and Environment and Other Departments: Notice On Issuing the “Plan for Ecological and Environmental Protection in the Yellow River Basin”
2020年8月，中共中央、国务院印发《黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展规划纲要》，对黄河流域生态保护和高质量发展进行全面部署。为了落实《纲要》，生态环境部、国家发展改革委、自然资源部、水利部四部门联合印发《黄河流域生态环境保护规划》,聚焦解决黄河流域突出的生态环境问题，分别提出2030年、2035年和本世纪中叶的生态环境保护目标。规划范围为黄河干支流流经的青海、四川、甘肃、宁夏、内蒙古、山西、陕西、河南、山东 9 省区相关县级行政区，国土面积约 130 万平方公里，是指导黄河流域当前和今后一个时期生态环境保护工作，制定实施相关规划方案、政策措施和工程项目建设的重要依据。
In August 2020, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the “Outline of Ecological Protection and High-quality Development Plan in the Yellow River Basin”, which comprehensively deployed the ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. To implement the “Outline”, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Natural Resources, and the Ministry of Water Resources jointly issued the “Plan for Ecological and Environmental Protection in the Yellow River Basin”. The Plan focuses on solving the prominent ecological and environmental problems in the Yellow River Basin, and proposes goals for 2030, 2035 and the middle of this century respectively. The scope of the Plan applies to the relevant county-level administrative regions in nine provinces, including Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Henan, and Shandong provinces, covering an area of about 1.3 million square kilometers. The Plan forms fundamental basis to direct the current and future ecological and environmental protection work in the Yellow River Basin, and guide relevant planning schemes, policy measures and engineering project construction.
The Plan proposes seven key tasks:
1. Optimize the spatial layout, implement the ecological and environmental zoning management and control to promote the green transformation and industrial upgrading;
2. Coordinate water resources, water environment, and water ecology, to restore the water ecology and environment;
3. Strengthen regional cooperation to promote the synergetic control of PM2.5 and ozone pollution, as well as pollution control and carbon reduction, so as to improve air quality attainment in Fenwei Plain;
4. Promote the investigation of soil and groundwater pollution to strengthen the soil pollution source control, and soil contamination prevention;
5. Adhere to ecological priority to restore important ecosystems and remedy ecologically fragile areas, to improve the quality and stability of ecosystems;
6. Comprehensively manage “waste, tailings ponds, chemicals, heavy metals”, strengthen source control of environmental risks, early warning and emergency response, and solid waste treatment and disposal, to prevent major environmental risks effectively;
7. Improve the legislation system and develop a modern environmental governance system in the Yellow River Basin.
In order to ensure the achievement of the goals and tasks, the Plan deploys 8 key projects in water, gas, soil, ecology, solid waste and other pollution control and ecological protection and restoration, by strengthening organizational leadership, promoting diversified investment, and strengthening publicity and guidance.
最新国家标准New National Standards
GB/T 41510-2022 Safety Assessment Rules for Lifting Appliances – General Requirements
GB/T18883-2022 Standards for indoor air quality
立法草案 Policy Initiatives & Developments
The State Forestry and Grassland Administration issued an announcement “Regulations on the Implementation of the Forest Law” for comments
The newly revised “Forest Law” has come into effect on July 1, 2020. Significant changes have been made to forest resource protection and management systems such as the forest ownership system, classified management system, forest logging system, and supervision and inspection system. The Forest Law Implementation Regulations is the most important supporting regulations of the Forest Law. It details the implementation of the relevant provisions of the Forest Law, supplements and improves specific system requirements.
最新地方性法规 Regional Updates
Shanghai: Shanghai Carbon Peaking Implementation Plan
The plan specifically clarifies the development goals of energy structure, energy intensity and specific quantitative indicators of energy conservation and carbon control during the “14th Five-year-plan” and “15th Five-year-plan” periods in Shanghai. It is required that by 2025, energy consumption per unit of GDP will be reduced by 14% compared with 2020, non-fossil energy will strive for a target of 20% of total energy consumption, and the carbon dioxide emission per unit of GDP will be ensured to meet the national target. By 2030, carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP shall be reduced by 70% compared with 2005, ensuring that carbon peaking will be achieved by 2030.
The plan focuses on key measures, key regions, key industries and key subjects, and organizes the implementation of “ten carbon peaking actions” such as the green and low-carbon transformation action of energy, the action of energy conservation, carbon reduction and efficiency increase, and the action of carbon peaking in the industrial field.
Shanghai: Notice on Further Implementing the Monitoring and Supervision Requirements for Fixed Pollution Sources Centered on the Pollutant Discharge Permit System
To further implement the monitoring and supervision requirements of fixed pollution sources based on the pollutant discharge permit (PDP) system, the Notice requires to standardize the self-monitoring and information reporting. For “automatic monitored data”, The polluters shall standardize the construction of discharge outlets, stations, and sampling platforms, use automatic monitoring facilities, ensure stable networking with the ecology and environment department, maintain the normal operation of the automatic monitoring facilities for pollution sources and their transmission systems. The polluters shall supplement and update the name and number of the discharge outlet on the Shanghai Municipal Pollution Source Comprehensive Management Information Platform; for the “manual monitored data”, the polluters shall carry out self-monitoring in accordance with relevant requirements and maintain the recordkeeping, and effectively conduct data submission and information disclosure. When submitting the self-monitoring plan and self-monitoring data on the national monitoring platform, the polluters shall fill in the name of the pollution source, name and number of the waste gas exhaust pipe and waste water outlet completely and accurately.
In order to improve the supervision efficiency of the ecology and environmental management departments at the city and district levels, the supervision, monitoring, and law enforcement departments should be cooperated and coordinated in the management of fixed pollution sources in accordance with the requirements of the “Shanghai Municipal ‘Three Supervision Linkage’ Work Plan for the Management of Fixed Pollution Sources (Trial).”
Shanghai Municipality: Decision on Amending the Regulations of Shanghai Municipality on Environmental Protection
In recent years, the impact of “light pollution” on residents’ lives and traffic safety has become increasingly prominent. Standing Committee of the Shanghai Municipal People’s Congress focused on the above legislative needs and made a corresponding amendment to the “Shanghai Regulations of Environmental Protection” in accordance with the “Law of the People’s Republic of China on Noise Pollution Prevention and Control” and other relevant higher-level laws. In the amendment, 9 articles are added and 21 articles are revised. The structure of the original chapter remains unchanged, and the number of articles are increased from 92 to 101.
In addition to adding the content of prevention and control of “light pollution”, the amendment also explicitly prohibits and restricts the production, sale, and use of single-use plastic products that are prohibited or restricted by the national government.
Sichuan Province: Sichuan Provincial “14th Five-Year Plan” Heavy Metal Pollution Prevention and Control Work Plan
Sichuan Province formulates a local plan in accordance with the “Opinions on Further Strengthening the Prevention and Control of Heavy Metal Pollution” issued by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment. The goal is set to reduce 5% heavy metal discharge within key industries by 2025 compared with 2020.
The plan defines key heavy metal pollutants, key industries and key regions. Key heavy metal pollutants include lead, mercury, cadmium, chromium, arsenic, thallium and antimony. The plan applies total amount control on five heavy metal pollutants including lead, mercury, cadmium, chromium and arsenic. Key industries include heavy non-ferrous metal mining and dressing industry, heavy non-ferrous metal smelting industry, lead-acid battery manufacturing industry, electroplating industry, chemical raw material and chemical product manufacturing industry, and leather tanning processing industry. The key areas include Hanyuan County and Shimian County in Ya’an Municipality, and Ganluo County in Liangshan Prefecture.
The plan proposes 22 key working tasks in five aspects
Jiangsu Province: Notice on Carrying Out Storming Fortifications Over 100 Days for Work Safety In Key Industries
Jiangsu Province will focus on the implementation of the “Storming Fortifications Over 100 Days” project of work safety in the third quarter (July-September) of 2022.
The notice focuses on 11 key industries including hazardous chemical enterprises, self-built houses, gas, and firefighting.
During the storming fortification period, the government will focus on 81 key items in the “Notice of Jiangsu Provincial Safety Committee on Carrying Out Storming Fortifications Over 100 Days for Work Safety in Key Industries”. For the items identified during the period, the competent department will promote closed-loop rectification of hidden problems.
The notice requires the provincial departments in charge of key industries to study and formulate specific implementation plans, fully implement the plans in accordance with the chronological progress and work arrangement, and submit a written report to the provincial safety committee office about the storming fortification by the end of November.
Shandong Province: Notice on the implementation of classified management of hazardous wastes
The notice takes the hazard and law-abiding cost of hazardous wastes as the principle of classification. Out of 467 types of hazardous wastes in 46 categories of the “National Hazardous Wastes Catalogue (Version 2021)”, the notice defines 195 types of hazardous wastes and included in the “List of Key Risk Management and Control of Hazardous Waste”.
The notice requires a classified assessment of the risk level of hazardous waste enterprises. Each city shall include the waste generators that produce more than 3 tons hazardous wastes listed in the “List of Key Risk Management and Control of Hazardous Waste” and hazardous waste disposers as key units subject to key supervision; while other waste generators are classified as general supervision units.
The notice requires the regulatory authorities to carry out full-coverage supervision and inspection of key hazardous waste risk supervision units every six months. If any non-compliance issues are identified during the inspection, inspection frequency will be increased to once every quarter. The supervision and inspection of general risk supervision units shall follow the rule of “Random Selection of Subjects and Inspectors and Public Disclosure”.
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